Everything You Need to Know About Malpractice Insurance Coverage

Learn about malpractice insurance coverage, its types, who needs it, costs, and how to choose the right policy for your profession.


Malpractice insurance coverage is essential for healthcare providers. This type of insurance protects doctors, nurses, and other healthcare professionals against lawsuits from patients who claim negligence or harmful treatment.

Here are the basics you need to know about malpractice insurance coverage:

  • What it covers: Legal costs, settlements, punitive damages, and medical damages.
  • Types: Claims-made policies and occurrence policies.
  • Why it matters: Medical negligence is the third leading cause of death in the U.S., making this insurance crucial for protecting careers and financial stability.

According to a study by Johns Hopkins University, approximately 250,000 deaths each year in the U.S. are attributable to medical errors. This highlights the importance of having malpractice insurance for anyone in the healthcare industry. Almost one third of physicians report being sued at least once in their careers, underscoring the necessity of this protection.

Having the right malpractice insurance can be a career-saver, providing peace of mind so healthcare professionals can focus on their work.

Infographic breaking down what malpractice insurance covers, different policy types, and why it's important - malpractice insurance coverage infographic infographic-line-3-steps

Types of Malpractice Insurance

When it comes to malpractice insurance coverage, healthcare professionals have two primary options: claims-made policies and occurrence-made policies. Understanding the differences between these two can help you choose the right coverage for your needs.

Claims-Made Policies

A claims-made policy covers any claim made during the period the policy is active. This means that both the incident and the filing of the claim must occur while the policy is in force.

Key Features:

  • Coverage Period: Only covers claims if the policy was active when the incident occurred and when the claim is made.
  • Cost: Initially cheaper than occurrence policies. Premiums start low and increase over time, typically becoming stable after 3-5 years.
  • Tail Coverage: If you switch insurers or retire, you may need to purchase tail coverage to protect against future claims related to past incidents. Tail coverage can be expensive but is crucial for ongoing protection.


Dr. Smith has a claims-made policy from 2015 to 2020. If a patient files a lawsuit in 2021 for a treatment that occurred in 2019, Dr. Smith needs tail coverage to be protected.

Occurrence-Made Policies

An occurrence-made policy provides lifetime coverage for incidents that occurred while the policy was active, regardless of when the claim is filed.

Key Features:

  • Coverage Period: Covers any claim for incidents that happened during the policy period, even if the claim is filed after the policy has expired.
  • Cost: More expensive initially but provides long-term peace of mind.
  • No Need for Tail Coverage: Since it covers any incident that occurred while the policy was active, there’s no need to buy additional tail coverage.


Dr. Johnson had an occurrence-made policy in 2017. A patient files a lawsuit in 2020 for a treatment that occurred in 2017. Dr. Johnson is covered, even though the policy is no longer active.

Comparison Table

FeatureClaims-Made PolicyOccurrence-Made Policy
Coverage PeriodIncident and claim must occur during the policyCovers incidents during the policy period
Initial CostLowerHigher
Long-term CostCan increase over timeStable, no need for tail coverage
Tail Coverage NeededYes, if switching insurers or retiringNo
ExampleDr. Smith (needs tail coverage)Dr. Johnson (covered without additional policy)

Choosing between these two types of policies depends on your individual circumstances and financial considerations. Claims-made policies offer lower initial costs but may require expensive tail coverage later. Occurrence-made policies provide comprehensive coverage without the need for tail coverage but come with higher upfront costs.

Understanding these options will help you make an informed decision about your malpractice insurance coverage. Next, we’ll explore what exactly malpractice insurance covers, so you know what to expect from your policy.

What Does Malpractice Insurance Cover?

Malpractice insurance coverage is essential for healthcare professionals to protect against various legal and financial risks. Let’s dive into what this coverage typically includes:

Legal Costs

One of the primary benefits of malpractice insurance is covering legal costs. This includes attorney fees, court costs, and other expenses related to your defense. Legal battles can be lengthy and expensive, so having this coverage is crucial.

Settlements and Judgments

If a case against you is settled or results in a judgment, your malpractice insurance will cover these costs. Settlements are amounts agreed upon by both parties to avoid a trial, while judgments are amounts decided by a court. These can run into tens or hundreds of thousands of dollars.

Defense Counsel

Your insurance policy typically includes the cost of hiring a defense counsel. This means you get expert legal representation without additional out-of-pocket expenses. A skilled defense team can make a significant difference in the outcome of a case.

Worldwide Coverage

Many malpractice policies offer worldwide coverage. This means you are protected no matter where you practice, as long as the claim is filed in the policy’s jurisdiction. This is especially important for professionals who travel or work in multiple locations.

Good Samaritan Coverage

Good Samaritan coverage protects you if you provide emergency medical assistance outside your regular work setting. For example, if you help an accident victim on the street and are later sued, this coverage will protect you.

Sexual Misconduct/Abuse

Some policies include coverage for claims related to sexual misconduct or abuse. This is a sensitive area, and having this coverage can provide financial protection and support during a difficult time.

Information Privacy

With the increasing importance of data security, information privacy coverage is crucial. This part of your policy protects you against claims related to breaches of patient confidentiality or data loss.

License Protection

If a claim against you leads to an investigation or disciplinary action by a licensing board, license protection coverage can help. This includes legal fees and other costs associated with defending your professional license.

Additional Coverages

Many policies offer additional benefits, such as:
Defendant Expense Benefit: Covers out-of-pocket expenses for attending court.
Deposition Representation: Provides legal representation during depositions.
Reputation Coverage: Helps manage public relations and protect your professional reputation.

Understanding these coverages can give you peace of mind and financial security. In the next section, we’ll discuss who needs malpractice insurance.

Who Needs Malpractice Insurance?


Physicians are the primary group that needs malpractice insurance coverage. The majority of American doctors will face at least one malpractice lawsuit during their career. Given the high stakes involved—potentially millions in damages—having this insurance is crucial. It’s also required by law in most states. A strong policy can cover legal fees, settlements, and even punitive damages.


Nurses are also at risk for malpractice claims. Even though they typically work under the supervision of physicians, they can still be named in lawsuits. Malpractice insurance can cover legal representation and settlement costs, safeguarding their career and financial stability.

Physical Therapists

Physical therapists often work closely with patients, which increases their exposure to malpractice claims. Injuries or unsatisfactory outcomes can lead to lawsuits. Malpractice insurance helps cover court costs and any settlements that may arise.

Yoga Instructors

Yes, even yoga instructors can benefit from malpractice insurance. If a student gets injured during a session, the instructor could be held liable. Having insurance can cover legal fees and settlements, ensuring that one unfortunate incident doesn’t ruin their livelihood.

Personal Trainers

Personal trainers work one-on-one with clients, which can sometimes lead to injuries. Whether it’s a pulled muscle or something more serious, having malpractice insurance can cover the costs associated with any claims.

Nurse Practitioners

Nurse practitioners often have more autonomy than registered nurses, which increases their risk of being sued. They can diagnose conditions, prescribe medications, and perform procedures, all of which carry potential legal risks. Malpractice insurance is essential to protect their career and personal assets.


Optometrists face unique risks related to eye care and vision treatments. Misdiagnoses or treatment errors can lead to lawsuits. Malpractice insurance can help cover the costs of defending against these claims and any resulting settlements.

Nursing Students

Even nursing students can benefit from malpractice insurance. While they may not have the same level of responsibility as fully licensed nurses, they still interact with patients and perform medical tasks. Malpractice insurance can provide a safety net as they learn and grow in their careers.

healthcare professionals

In summary, malpractice insurance coverage is essential for a wide range of healthcare professionals. It offers protection against the financial risks associated with lawsuits, helping to secure your career and peace of mind.

Next, we’ll explore the cost factors and coverage limits of malpractice insurance.

Cost Factors and Coverage Limits

When considering malpractice insurance coverage, it’s important to understand the factors that influence cost and the limits of coverage. These elements can vary widely based on several key aspects:

Professional Specialty

Your area of practice plays a significant role in determining your insurance premium. For example, surgeons and anesthesiologists often face higher premiums due to the higher risk associated with their work. Conversely, general practitioners might pay less. As Anderson from The Doctors Company notes, “Each specialty stands on its own,” meaning the risk and therefore the cost can vary significantly between different fields of medicine.

Years of Experience

The length of time you’ve been practicing also affects your premium. New practitioners may initially pay lower premiums, but as they gain more experience, the cost can increase. This is because the potential for claims typically builds over time. For instance, a claims-made policy might start at just 10% to 30% of the mature rate and increase over the next 3 to 5 years.

Previous Claims

Your personal claims history is another critical factor. If you have previous claims filed against you, your premium will likely be higher. Insurance companies view a history of claims as an indicator of potential future risk. This is why maintaining a clean record can help keep your premiums lower.

Coverage Limits Example

Malpractice insurance policies typically have two key coverage limits: per claim and annual aggregate. For example, a common coverage limit might be $1 million per claim and $3 million per year. This means the policy will cover up to $1 million for each individual claim and up to $3 million for all claims within a policy year.

medical insurance - malpractice insurance coverage

Aggregate Limits

It’s crucial to understand how aggregate limits work. Some policies have annual aggregate limits, while others, especially tail insurance, might have aggregate limits that apply to all the years the policy was in effect. Always ensure that your coverage limits match the risks associated with your practice.

Example from the Field

Consider an oncologist starting their practice. Anderson advises that new practitioners should look for limits that align with industry standards: “Having higher limits may help you sleep better, but it means you will be the deep pocket in a lawsuit naming other defendants.” This highlights the importance of balancing adequate coverage with the practicalities of legal risk.

Understanding these cost factors and coverage limits will help you make an informed decision when selecting your malpractice insurance coverage.

Next, we’ll delve into how to choose the right malpractice insurance for your needs.

How to Choose the Right Malpractice Insurance

Choosing the right malpractice insurance coverage can feel overwhelming, but breaking it down into key components can make the process easier. Here are some essential factors to consider:


Berxi, part of Berkshire Hathaway Specialty Insurance, offers affordable and comprehensive malpractice insurance. They provide same-day coverage and 24/7 online access, making it easy for healthcare professionals to manage their policies. Berxi’s specialized team is always ready to assist, ensuring you get the protection you need with minimal hassle.

GEICO Insurance Agency, LLC

GEICO Insurance Agency, LLC partners with various insurers to offer a broad range of business insurance products, including malpractice insurance. They help secure coverage through affiliated companies, ensuring you get a competitive quote tailored to your specific needs. GEICO’s partnerships enable them to provide flexible options for different medical professionals.

Tail Coverage

Tail coverage is crucial if you have a claims-made policy, as it covers incidents that occurred during the policy period but are reported after the policy ends. Without tail coverage, you could be exposed to significant financial risk if a claim is filed after your policy has expired. Always check if your insurer offers tail coverage and understand its terms before making a decision.

Cyber Liability

Cyber liability is a growing concern. Cyber liability insurance protects against data breaches, hacking, and other cyber threats that could compromise patient information. This coverage is particularly important for healthcare providers who handle sensitive patient data. Ensure your malpractice insurance policy includes cyber liability to safeguard against these risks.

HIPAA Compliance

Adhering to HIPAA regulations is non-negotiable for healthcare professionals. Some malpractice insurance policies offer additional coverage for HIPAA compliance, protecting you from potential fines and legal issues related to patient privacy violations. Look for policies that include HIPAA compliance support to help you stay on the right side of the law.

By focusing on these key areas—Berxi, GEICO Insurance Agency, LLC, tail coverage, cyber liability, and HIPAA compliance—you can make a more informed choice when selecting your malpractice insurance coverage.

Frequently Asked Questions about Malpractice Insurance Coverage

What are the two types of malpractice insurance?

There are two main types of malpractice insurance coverage: claims-made policies and occurrence policies.

  • Claims-made policies: These only cover claims if the policy is active both when the incident happened and when the claim is filed. If your policy lapses or you switch insurers, you might need “tail coverage” to protect against claims made after the policy ends.

  • Occurrence policies: These cover any incident that happened while the policy was active, regardless of when the claim is filed. Even if you switch insurers or your policy ends, you’re still covered for incidents that occurred during the policy period.

What is the purpose of malpractice insurance?

The primary purpose of malpractice insurance is to protect healthcare professionals from financial ruin due to lawsuits. Here’s what it covers:

  • Legal Costs: This includes attorney fees, court costs, and the cost of expert witnesses.
  • Settlements and Judgments: Any amounts you’re required to pay if you lose a lawsuit or settle out of court.
  • Defense Counsel: Your insurance may provide or cover the cost of a defense attorney.
  • Worldwide Coverage: Some policies offer coverage no matter where the incident occurred.
  • Good Samaritan Coverage: Protection for acts performed in emergency situations.
  • Sexual Misconduct/Abuse: Some policies offer limited coverage for these serious allegations.
  • Information Privacy: Protection against violations of patient privacy, including HIPAA violations.
  • License Protection: Coverage for legal costs associated with defending your professional license.

Who pays the highest malpractice insurance?

Specialists in high-risk fields tend to pay the highest premiums for malpractice insurance. According to data, surgeons and obstetricians often face the highest costs. This is due to the higher likelihood and severity of claims in these specialties.

For example, a Johns Hopkins study found that medical errors are the third leading cause of death in the U.S., underscoring the risks involved in high-stakes medical fields. Additionally, the premiums are influenced by the amount of coverage needed, the frequency and severity of claims in the area, and state laws.

By understanding these FAQs, you can better navigate the complexities of malpractice insurance coverage and make informed decisions about your protection.


At Griffith & Harris, we understand that navigating malpractice insurance coverage can be daunting. Our goal is to simplify this process for you, ensuring that you have the right protection in place to focus on what you do best—providing excellent care to your patients.

Our personalized approach means we take the time to understand your unique needs and risks. Whether you’re a physician, nurse, therapist, or any other medical professional, we tailor our insurance programs to fit your specific circumstances. This includes helping you choose between claims-made and occurrence-made policies, understanding the intricacies of tail coverage, and ensuring compliance with regulations like HIPAA.

Why choose Griffith & Harris?

  • Expertise: Our team of licensed insurance agents are industry veterans with over 10 years of experience each.
  • Personal Service: We build relationships with our clients, offering prompt, courteous, and responsive service every time.
  • Comprehensive Coverage: From legal costs and settlements to defense counsel and license protection, we ensure all aspects of your practice are covered.
  • Risk Management: We offer risk management programs to help you minimize your exposure to claims, providing peace of mind and potential discounts on your premiums.

For over 75 years, we have been committed to serving our community with integrity and dedication. Our founder, Griffith E. Harris, Sr., established a philosophy of “Personal Service with Integrity” that continues to guide us today.

If you’re ready to protect your medical practice with the right malpractice insurance coverage, contact us for a free consultation. Let us help you safeguard your career and legacy.

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For more information on how Griffith & Harris can assist you with your medical practice insurance needs, visit our Medical Practice Insurance page.

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