The Definitive Guide to Medical Practice Insurance Options

Discover the essential guide to Medical Practice Insurance options, covering malpractice, liability, and more. Ensure your practice is well-protected today!


Understanding Medical Practice Insurance is essential for healthcare professionals. Medical practice insurance protects doctors, nurses, and other medical staff from legal claims due to malpractice.

Quick Look:

  • Covers legal costs and settlements.
  • Protects professionals from negligence and malpractice claims.
  • Essential for anyone in healthcare to maintain their reputation and financial security.

Medical practice insurance is crucial because medical errors are the third leading cause of death in the United States. This fact underscores the need for robust insurance coverage to handle potential lawsuits that can arise from patient treatment.

The right insurance can safeguard your practice, ensuring that unforeseen legal battles don’t ruin years of hard work. Let’s explore the types of coverage available to you, costs involved, and other factors to consider.

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Types of Medical Practice Insurance

When it comes to Medical Practice Insurance, understanding the different types of coverage is key to protecting your practice and your peace of mind. Here are the main types of insurance you should consider:

Medical Malpractice Insurance

Medical Malpractice Insurance is perhaps the most critical type of coverage for healthcare professionals. It protects you against claims of negligence or harmful treatment decisions that result in patient injury or death.

  • Coverage: This insurance covers legal costs, judgments, and settlements. For example, if a patient files a lawsuit claiming that a surgical error caused them harm, your malpractice insurance would cover the defense costs and any settlements or judgments.

  • Legal Costs: Medical malpractice cases are complex and costly. According to the NAIC, a significant portion of premiums goes towards defense and cost containment (DCC) expenses.

  • Patient Injury and Death: With medical errors being the third leading cause of death in the U.S., robust malpractice insurance is a must. Approximately 250,000 deaths annually arise from medical errors, highlighting the importance of this coverage.

Liability Insurance

Liability Insurance is another essential type of coverage for medical practices. It protects you and your practice from various claims that can arise during your daily operations.

  • Bodily Injury: If a patient slips and falls in your office, liability insurance covers their medical expenses.

  • Medical Expenses: This insurance also covers costs related to injuries that occur on your premises or as a result of your services.

  • Property Damage: If a patient’s property is damaged while in your care, liability insurance can cover the repair or replacement costs.

  • Personal Injury: Liability insurance also covers non-physical injuries such as mental anguish or defamation.

Professional Liability Insurance

Professional Liability Insurance, also known as Errors and Omissions (E&O) insurance, covers claims related to wrongful practices or negligence that don’t necessarily result in physical harm but can still lead to significant legal costs.

  • Negligence: This insurance covers claims that arise from professional negligence, such as a misdiagnosis or incorrect treatment plan.

  • Wrongful Practices: It also covers claims related to wrongful practices that may not involve direct patient care but can still lead to lawsuits.

  • Defense Costs: Just like with malpractice insurance, professional liability insurance covers the cost of defending against claims, which can be substantial.

Indemnity Insurance

Indemnity Insurance provides protection against civil claims. It ensures that you are covered for any legal liabilities that arise from your professional services.

  • Civil Claims: This type of insurance covers claims made by patients or third parties alleging harm due to your services.

  • Protection: Indemnity insurance offers a safety net, ensuring that you are not financially ruined by a single lawsuit.

  • Coverage: It provides comprehensive coverage for legal fees, settlements, and judgments, giving you peace of mind.

Medical Practice Insurance - Medical Practice Insurance

Each of these insurance types offers unique protections that are crucial for running a secure and successful medical practice. Understanding these options helps you choose the right coverage to protect your career and your patients.

Next, we’ll dive into the specific coverage options available for medical practice insurance, including claims-made and occurrence-made policies.

Coverage Options for Medical Practice Insurance

When it comes to Medical Practice Insurance, understanding the coverage options is crucial. Two primary types of policies exist: claims-made and occurrence-made. Each has its own set of features that can significantly impact your coverage.

Claims-Made Policies

A claims-made policy covers incidents that both occur and are reported while the policy is active. This means the policy must be in force when the claim is made, not just when the incident happened.

Key Features:

  • Coverage Period: The policy must be active when the claim is reported.
  • Reporting Period: Claims must be reported within the policy period or an extended reporting period (ERP).
  • Retroactive Date: This is the date from which coverage starts. Claims for incidents before this date are not covered.

For example, if you’re insured with a claims-made policy from 2020 to 2024, only incidents reported during this timeframe or within an ERP will be covered. If you had a retroactive date of 2018, incidents from 2018 onwards would be covered, provided they are reported within the policy period or ERP.

Occurrence-Made Policies

An occurrence-made policy covers any incident that occurs during the policy period, regardless of when the claim is reported, even if the policy has been canceled.

Key Features:

  • Coverage Period: Covers incidents that occur during the policy period.
  • Claim Occurrence: Incidents are covered even if the claim is filed after the policy has ended.
  • Policy Cancellation: Coverage remains for incidents that happened while the policy was active, even after cancellation.

For instance, if you had an occurrence-made policy from 2019 to 2022 and a claim arises from an incident in 2021, your policy would cover it even if reported in 2023 after the policy ended.

Choosing between these policies depends on your specific needs. Claims-made policies often require careful management of the reporting period and retroactive date, while occurrence-made policies offer broader coverage timeframes but can be more expensive.

Understanding these options ensures you select the right insurance to protect your practice from unforeseen liabilities. Next, we’ll explore the factors affecting the costs of medical practice insurance, including premium volatility and state regulations.

Factors Affecting Medical Practice Insurance Costs

Understanding the factors that influence the cost of Medical Practice Insurance can help you make informed decisions. Let’s dive into some key elements that affect premiums.

Premium Volatility

Premiums for medical practice insurance can be very volatile. Market conditions and economic factors play a big role. For example, during the late 1990s, the medical professional liability insurance market experienced a crisis. This led to high prices for policyholders due to:

  • Rapidly increasing loss ratios
  • Volatile changes in premiums
  • Declines in investments

These factors collectively contribute to the instability of premiums.

Investment Declines

Insurance companies invest the premiums they collect. When financial markets perform poorly, these investments can decline, impacting the insurer’s profitability. Economic downturns can exacerbate this issue, leading insurers to raise premiums to cover their losses.

For instance, the NAIC report from 2004 highlighted a trend of increasing combined and loss ratios since 1994, which finally declined in 2002. This shows how investment performance can affect insurance costs over time.

Loss Ratios

Loss ratios are a critical metric. They represent the ratio of claims payments and defense costs to the premiums earned. High loss ratios can indicate that insurers are paying out more in claims and defense costs than they are collecting in premiums. This often leads to premium increases.

According to NAIC data, the direct loss and defense cost containment (DCC) ratio was 78.26% in 2020, which decreased to 74.23% in 2021. Although this is an improvement, direct losses incurred increased, showing the complexity of managing these costs.

State Regulations

State regulations also affect the availability and affordability of medical practice insurance. Some states require closed claims to be reported to the state insurance department. This helps regulators understand trends and adjust policies accordingly.

The NAIC’s 2010 guideline for closed claim reporting (#1077) is one such measure. It aims to improve transparency and help with the implementation of the Medical Professional Liability Closed Claim Reporting Model Law (#77).

Furthermore, state regulations can impact:

  • Availability: Some states have more insurers offering medical practice insurance, which can drive competition and lower costs.
  • Affordability: Regulatory measures can cap premiums or provide subsidies, making insurance more affordable.

Understanding these factors can help you better navigate the complexities of medical practice insurance costs. Next, we’ll answer some frequently asked questions to further clarify this topic.

Frequently Asked Questions about Medical Practice Insurance

What are the types of insurance in a medical practice?

In a medical practice, there are several key types of insurance to consider:

  • Medical Malpractice Insurance: This covers legal costs, judgments, and settlements related to patient injury or death due to medical negligence. For example, if a surgeon is sued for a complication arising from a surgery, this insurance would cover the defense costs and any potential payouts.

  • Liability Insurance: This includes coverage for bodily injury, medical expenses, property damage, and personal injury (like mental anguish). It protects healthcare professionals from claims that aren’t necessarily related to medical treatment but occur on their premises.

  • Professional Liability Insurance: This is similar to medical malpractice insurance but broader. It covers negligence or wrongful practices and includes defense costs for claims that arise from professional services.

  • Indemnity Insurance: This protects against civil claims. It ensures coverage for legal costs and damages in cases where the healthcare provider is found liable for a patient’s harm.

What are the two types of medical professional liability insurance?

Medical professional liability insurance mainly comes in two forms:

  • Claims-Made Policies: These policies cover claims only if both the incident and the claim occur while the policy is active. For instance, if a claim is made after the policy has expired, it won’t be covered unless there’s an extended reporting period in place.

  • Occurrence-Made Policies: These policies cover any incident that occurred during the policy period, regardless of when the claim is filed. Even if the policy has expired, as long as the incident happened while the policy was active, it will be covered.

Is medical liability insurance also known as practice insurance?

Yes, medical liability insurance is often referred to as medical practice insurance. This term encompasses various types of coverage, including malpractice insurance and professional liability insurance. Both protect healthcare providers from financial loss due to lawsuits alleging negligence or wrongful practices.

Understanding these different insurance types and their coverage options can help ensure that your medical practice is well-protected against potential risks.


At Griffith & Harris, we understand that your medical practice is more than just a business—it’s a commitment to providing exceptional care to your patients. This is why having the right medical practice insurance is crucial. Our team of knowledgeable industry veterans is here to help you navigate the complexities of insurance, ensuring that your practice is covered from all angles.

We pride ourselves on being an independent insurance agency, which means we work for you, not the insurance companies. This allows us to offer a wide range of tailored insurance programs designed to meet your specific needs. Whether you need coverage for medical malpractice, liability, or professional indemnity, we have the expertise to find the best solution for you.

Our custom “Personal Risk Management Planning” (PRMP) process ensures that all elements of risk and exposure are addressed long before a claim ever occurs. This proactive approach is part of our commitment to providing “Personal Service with Integrity,” a philosophy established by our founder, Griffith E. Harris, Sr., and one that endures today.

Don’t leave your practice vulnerable to unforeseen risks. Let us help you protect what you’ve worked so hard to build. Contact us today for a free consultation and discover how we can help you secure the right insurance coverage for your medical practice.

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