What Are The Two Types Of Limits Offered In E&O Policies?

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Errors and Omissions (E&O) Policies are pivotal in professional liability insurance. They provide coverage to companies and individuals from claims made by clients for inadequate work or negligent actions.

The E&O insurance landscape is characterized by complexity and specificity, with the types of limits offered reflecting this nature. Predominantly, these limits are split into two categories: per-occurrence limits and aggregate limits.

Each limit type serves a distinct purpose and provides a different level of protection, making it crucial for businesses and professionals to comprehend their implications. A clear understanding of these limits can aid in shaping a robust and comprehensive E&O policy that appropriately shields from potential liability claims and lawsuits.

Griffith E. Harris Insurance Services, an insurance brokerage company, defines per occurrence limits as the maximum amount of money an insurer will pay for any claim. This blog post will explain the Limits Offered In E&O Policies in detail, including the differences between per occurrence and aggregate limits and their significance.

Errors and Omissions (E&O) Insurance | A Basic Intro

Errors and Omissions Insurance, often called Professional or business Liability Insurance, is a form of insurance coverage that protects businesses and individuals operating professionally.

It serves as a safety net against claims made by clients or customers alleging that they have experienced financial loss due to errors, omissions, or negligence by the service provider.

These claims could stem from many scenarios, such as incorrect advice, negligence in service provision, violation of good faith, or failure to meet contractual obligations. Without E&O insurance, businesses and professionals could face significant legal and compensation costs, potentially jeopardizing financial stability.

Therefore, E&O insurance is an essential risk management tool, safeguarding professionals and businesses from the financial risks associated with their professional services.

Who Needs E&O Insurance?

E&O insurance is not limited to any specific industry or profession. Any person or business that provides professional services or advice, including but not limited to lawyers, accountants, consultants, real estate and insurance agents, and technology companies, should consider obtaining errors and omissions insurance coverage.

Even the most competent and experienced professionals can make mistakes that could result in significant financial loss for their clients. E&O Insurance is crucial for several professions and industries. Foremost among these are those providing professional services, advice, or recommendations. Some examples include:

Legal Professionals

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Lawyers and legal firms are constantly at risk of malpractice claims. E&O insurance is crucial in covering defense costs and damages from such claims, possibly due to perceived errors, omissions, or professional negligence.

Healthcare Professionals

Doctors, nurses, and other healthcare professionals could face legal action if an error leads to a patient’s harm or incorrect treatment. An E&O policy helps cover these potential costs and protects the professional’s reputation.

Real Estate Professionals

Real estate agents and brokers can face claims of misrepresentation, failure to disclose information, or negligence related to the properties they represent. E&O insurance protects these professionals in the event of such claims.

Financial And Investment Advisors

These professionals provide advice that directly impacts a client’s financial well-being. If the advice leads to financial losses, it can result in lawsuits. E&O insurance assists in covering costs associated with defending such claims or any damages awarded.

Freelance Professionals And Consultants

Increasingly, independent contractors are also obtaining Errors and Omissions coverage. As the gig economy expands, more freelancers and consultants find that their clients require them to carry E&O insurance. They might be exposed to risks when offering advice or professional services, and an Errors and Omissions insurance policy can protect them from potential claims.

Technology And IT Companies

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Tech firms, IT service providers, and software developers often need E&O insurance. If software fails, a service outage occurs, or there is data loss, these companies can be held accountable. E&O insurance offers a financial buffer against such incidences.

Media And Advertising Agencies

These companies create content that reaches vast audiences. Legal action may be initiated if the material is perceived as defamatory or if copyright is infringed. E&O insurance protects these agencies from the high costs of such claims.

In conclusion, E&O insurance is necessary for anyone providing professional services. It covers defense costs and damages and can protect the professional’s reputation in the event of a claim. By understanding who needs E&O insurance, businesses and professionals can better assess their need for this coverage.

E&O Insurance | Coverage

Are you wondering about the significance of E&O insurance? You are at the right place! Errors and Omissions (E&O) Insurance is a fundamental element of business insurance, offering protection against lawsuits filed by clients for inadequate work or negligent actions.

E&O insurance typically provides coverage for various claims arising from professional services. These may include negligence, misrepresentation, good faith and fair dealing violations, and inaccurate advice. Let’s delve further into these categories.


Negligence implies that a professional fails to perform their duties according to industry standards, leading to financial harm to a client. E&O insurance can protect professionals from costly litigation resulting from such allegations.


Misrepresentation occurs when a professional unintentionally provides false or misleading information to a client. These cases can be complex and costly to defend. E&O insurance provides coverage for these types of claims.

Violation Of Good Faith And Fair Dealing

Violating good faith and fair dealing involves a professional failing to act honestly or observe fair practices. These serious allegations can tarnish a professional’s reputation and result in substantial financial losses. E&O insurance protects against such claims.

Inaccurate Advice

Professionals are expected to give advice that benefits their clients. The professional may be held responsible when this advice leads to financial harm. E&O insurance helps cover the legal costs associated with defending these claims.

Data Breach

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For IT companies and tech firms, a data breach could be catastrophic. E&O insurance can cover the costs associated with managing the breach, including the legal fees and damages that result from it.

Design Flaws

A design flaw could lead to substantial client losses for architects, engineers, and designers. E&O insurance can cover the costs to defend against these claims and any damages awarded.

Missed Deadlines

Strict timelines bind some professions. If a delay occurs that results in financial harm to a client, E&O insurance can cover the associated costs.

Copyright Infringement

Media and advertising agencies often deal with copyrighted material. The costs can be substantial if they inadvertently infringe on someone’s copyright. E&O insurance can provide coverage for these instances.

E&O Insurance | Exclusions

While E&O insurance provides crucial protection for professionals, there are certain exclusions to consider. These exclusions may vary depending on the policy and provider, but some common ones include:

  • Intentional or criminal acts: E&O insurance protects against unintentional errors or omissions. If a professional knowingly commits an act that leads to financial harm, it may not be covered.
  • Contractual liability: E&O insurance typically does not cover contractual obligations between professionals and clients. It only covers financial losses resulting from errors or omissions in services.
  • Prior knowledge: If a professional was aware of an error or omission before obtaining E&O insurance, the policy may not cover it.
  • Bodily injury or property damage: E&O insurance specifically covers financial losses. Any physical harm or property damage caused by a professional’s error or omission may not be covered.
  • Antitrust and unfair competition: Some policies may exclude coverage for claims related to antitrust violations or unfair competition.

It is essential to carefully review the terms and conditions of an E&O insurance policy to understand the exclusions and limitations fully. Additionally, professionals need to maintain high ethical standards and adhere to industry regulations to prevent potential claims from arising.

Limits Offered In E&O Policies

Errors and Omissions insurance policies typically offer both per-claim limits and aggregate limits. A per-claim limit is the maximum amount the insurer will pay for a single claim. In contrast, the aggregate limit is the maximum amount the insurer will pay for all claims during a policy period.

These limits vary greatly, depending on factors such as the company’s size, the industry in which it operates, and the perceived risk. It’s crucial for companies to accurately assess their risks and choose policy limits that will provide adequate coverage in the event of a claim.

Per-Claim Limits

Per-claim or per-occurrence limits represent the maximum amount an insurance company is willing to pay for a single claim. This limit is set when a company first purchases an Errors & Omissions (E&O) policy and stays consistent throughout the policy period.

Determining Per-Claim Limits

The size of a per-claim limit can vary widely based on the nature of a company’s business and its risk level. For instance, a small software development firm may have a per-claim limit of $1 million, while a large architectural firm might have a limit of $5 million or more.

Risks Of Inadequate Per-Claim Limits

Setting per-claim limits too low can result in insufficient coverage. If a company faces a claim that exceeds its per-claim limit, it will have to cover the remaining insurance costs out-of-pocket, which could lead to financial strain or even bankruptcy.

Aggregate Limits

Aggregate limits, on the other hand, represent the maximum amount an insurance company will pay for all claims made during a policy period. The insurer will not cover additional claims once a company’s claims reach this overall limit.

Determining Aggregate Limits

Like per-claim limits, aggregate limits are set based on the level of risk associated with a company’s operations. Companies with higher risk profiles may choose higher aggregate limits to ensure adequate coverage.

Risks Of Inadequate Aggregate Limits

If a company underestimates its risk and sets an aggregate limit too low, it could find itself without coverage if multiple claims arise during a policy period. This could be financially devastating, particularly for small to medium-sized businesses.

Balancing Per-Claim Limits And Aggregate Limits

When setting up an E&O policy, balancing per-claim limits with aggregate limits is crucial. A company might have a high per-claim limit but a low aggregate limit, leaving it unprotected if multiple claims arise. Conversely, a high aggregate but low per-claim limit could leave a company vulnerable to a single, high-cost claim.

Consulting With An Insurance Advisor

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Companies should consult with an insurance advisor who understands their industry and its associated risks to find the right balance. The advisor can help the company assess its risk profile, determine appropriate limits, and select a comprehensive coverage policy.

Regularly Reviewing And Adjusting Limits

Companies should also regularly review and adjust their E&O policy limits. As a company grows and evolves, its risk exposure can change. Regular reviews ensure that coverage remains adequate even as a company’s risk profile shifts.

Understanding and properly setting per-claim and aggregate limits in an E&O policy is crucial in managing business risk. By taking the time to assess risks and consult with professionals, businesses can ensure they are adequately protected against potential claims.

Griffith E. Harris Insurance Services, LLC is a leader in providing comprehensive E&O coverage and can help businesses find the right balance of limits for their unique needs. Contact us today to learn more.

E&O Insurance | Cost

The cost of E&O insurance varies widely, depending on several key factors. Primarily, the industry in which a company operates plays a significant role in determining the price. Industries with higher risks, such as healthcare or legal services, typically face higher premiums.

The size and scope of a company’s operations also influence the price. Larger companies with more employees and greater revenue usually bear higher costs due to the higher potential for errors and omissions. Meanwhile, a company’s claim history is another vital factor. A clean history with fewer claims often equals lower premiums, indicating a lower risk to the insurer.

Lastly, the chosen policy limits and deductibles also impact the overall cost. Higher limits of coverage and lower deductibles generally increase the policy’s price. Therefore, companies need to balance the omissions insurance costs and the level of protection they need. Therefore, businesses should work closely with an insurance advisor to find a tailored policy that meets their needs and budget.


E&O Insurance is a critical safeguard for businesses in today’s ever-evolving and complex professional landscape. It cushions companies against significant financial losses from negligence claims, errors, or omissions. By considering the industry, company size, and claims history, a business can secure an E&O policy that aligns with its specific financial capabilities.

Every E&O policy has specific limits that define the maximum amount the insurer will pay on a claim or an aggregate of shares during the policy period. These limits are usually expressed as a combination. Businesses should carefully consider these limits, ensuring they cover potential claims adequately.

Consulting with an insurance advisor can help in making an informed decision. Griffith E. Harris Insurance Services LLC has a team of experienced and knowledgeable advisors who can guide businesses in finding the right E&O coverage. Contact us today for a free consultation and discover how our professional service can help protect your business from potential professional liability claims.

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